Respiratory System Study Guide

Respiratory System Study Guide

  1. Know the parts of the respiratory system from yourdiagram: mouth, nose, nasal passage (cavity), pharynx, larynx (voice box), epiglottis, trachea, bronchi, bronchiole (tubes), alveoli, lungs, and diaphragm.
  2. What are the three functions of the respiratory system?

 

  1. Describe three things that happen to the air when you take it in through your nose.
  2. What is the spot called where you nose and mouth meet in the back of your throat?

 

  1. What are the three stages of breathing?

 

  1. What part of the respiratory system contains the voice box?

 

  1. What determines the pitch of a sound?

 

  1. What gender has the larger larynx?

 

  1.  What is mucus? What is its job?

 

  1. What are cilia and what is their job?

 

  1.  How do different organisms get oxygen?

 

  1.  What are the %’s of different gases in our atmosphere?

 

  1.  If a person’s alveoli’s are damaged, how does that affect a person’s respiratory system?

 

  1. What factor influences the brain to tell the respiratory system how fast to function?

 

  1. What controls our breathing process?

 

  1.  What muscle is used to help bring air into and out of the lungs?

 

  1.  How does your breathing change when you go to sleep?

 

  1.  How is the respiratory system and digestive system (stomach) connected?

 

  1. Where do we find the epiglottis and what is its job?

 

  1.  How do the respiratory system and the circulatory system work together?

 

  1.  How could a lack of oxygen affect you body?

 

  1.  What is the leading preventable cause of lung cancer?

 

  1.  What is nicotine used for in cigarettes?

 

  1. Why is carbon monoxide so dangerous in cigarette smoke?

 

  1. What is tar and how does it affect the lungs?

 

  1.  During which phase of breathing is CO2 exchanged for oxygen?

 

  1. During which phase of breathing does the diaphragm expand?

 

  1. During which phase of breathing does the diaphragm contract?

 

  1. During which phase of breathing is CO2 released from the lungs?
  2. Where does the exchange of oxygen and CO2 take place? ______________
  3. Air can enter the body through the ___________ or _______________. It then travels down the _______________ to the trachea which is also called the   ___________  _________.   It then enters the ____________________ which splits into two tubes called the ____________________  ___________________. After passing through theses tubes the oxygen then enters the ______________ where __________ is picked up and ___________ is taken in by blood in the ____________________ .  After the capillaries pick up the CO2 it is then taken to the __________________ _________________ and then enters the ______________________ and then sent up the ________________ and is then released out of the ________________ when we exhale.
  4.  Why is the epiglottis so important to the respiratory system?
  5.  What is the food tube called?
  6. What happens to the diaphragm when it relaxes (exhale)?
  7. What happens to the diaphragm when it contracts (inhale)?
  8.  Oxygen from the inflated lungs moves from the _____________ into the _____________.
  9.  Carbon dioxide moves from the ____________________ into the ____________ and then back up the respiratory tract.
  10. What is an “Adams Apple” made of?
  11. When oxygen enters the alveoli what takes it in? ___________
  12.  When carbon dioxide enters the alveoli what takes it in? _____________
  13. What structures are located at the end of the bronchioles? _____________
  14. What is the muscle beneath your lungs that helps to move air in and out of the lungs? (Hint, Domed shaped)
  15.  What is a preventable cause of lung cancer?
  16. What can cause you to cough?
  17.  Your lungs are protected by your____________________.
  18.  The brain sends electrical signals to the diaphragm and chest muscles, which cause us to breath in and out.
  19. What is the shape of the diaphragm?