Muscular System

Muscular System Section Test

  1. If you counted all the muscles in your body, you would be counting more than _____________.
  1. 700   B. 600   C. 1050   D. 800
  1. The ______________ is a muscle that helps us breathe and is located just under the ribs and lungs.
  1. Abs  B. diaphragm   C. heart    D. oblique
  1. After counting all the muscles in your body you could classify them into ________ categories.
  1. 5    B. 3    C. 8    D. 6
  1. We have many bones in our body. Muscles that attach to bones are referred to as ____________ muscles.
  1. smooth    B. skeletal    C. cardiac     D. tendon
  1. Because of their appearance, the intestines and esophagus are described as this class of muscle.
  1. smooth    B. skeletal    C. cardiac     D. tendon
  1. Your muscles produce _________for your body to use in order to maintain a constant internal temperature.
  1. energy     B. heat     C. sugar     D. chemical reactions
  1. Your _____________ is considered one of the strongest muscles in the human body because of its constant activity.
  1. jaw      B. lung     C. heart    D. kidney
  1. The _________muscles have the job of controlling blood flow throughout the body.
  1. smooth      B. cardiac     C. muscular    D. tendon
  1. Smooth muscles are designed for ________________.
  1. slow and smooth movement       B. quick reflexes    C. expanding and contracting   D. quick and even movement
  1. Muscle cells are ______________ in shape.
  1. round   B. long     C. oval    D. irregular
  1. Katy stretched her arm up high to get a jar of soup from the top shelf. The reason she had the ability to stretch is because her skeletal muscles have many_________________.
  1. striations     B. tendons     C. cartilage    D. blood

     

  1. These muscles have the characteristics of being long with many nuclei.
  1. smooth   B. skeletal   C. cardiac   D. tendon
  1. When you want to move your muscles, your brain sends a message to your nerves to release a chemical called _________ that stimulates them to move.
  1. neurotransmitters     B. myofibrils  C. nerve endings
  1. Muscles work twenty four hours a day. When muscles work they tend to work __________.
  1. in pairs    B. separately   C. in small groups   D. for a short time
  1. You contract your bicep muscle. After contracting your bicep how does the triceps react? 
  1. They expand    B. stop    C. they relax   D. they works harder
  1. Your bicep muscles are attached to your shoulder bones by ________.  A. tendon   B. ligaments   C. other muscle   D. blood vessels
  2. We have no control over several muscles in our bodies. These muscles are classified as _______.
  1. voluntary     B. involuntary   B. stationary   D. skeletal
  1. Your heart is best described as a _________ muscle.
  1. involuntary    B. voluntary   C. weak   D. tendon
  1. You walk to the other side of a room and then jump into the air. You are allowed to do this because the muscles you used are classified as _____________.
  1. motionless  B. involuntary   C. skeletal   D. voluntary
  1. Cardiac and smooth muscles are classified as _______ muscles.
  1. voluntary    B. smooth   C. cardiac   D. involuntary
  1. Landon and Gabe are talking about the muscles found in their bodies. They disagree as to which muscles are the strongest. Gabe believes our legs are the strongest because some people can lift hundreds of pounds of weight. Landon believes our cardiac muscles are because they work all the time. Who is correct?  A. Gabe    B. Landon 
  2. Your abdominal rectus muscles were designed to help protect the organs behind them. You would classify them as __________ muscles. A. Smooth   B. cardiac    C. skeletal   D. tendon
  3. You bend your arm to flex you muscle. What part of your arm has the job of allowing you to bend your arm at a joint?
  1. Flexor    B. extensor   C. muscle   D. tendon
  1. Your muscles work daily. Which class of muscles tires quickly?
  1. Skeletal   B. smooth   C. tendons   D. cardiac
  1. Two bones meet at a location called a ___________.
  1. Muscle   B. joint    C. tendon   D. neurotransmitter
  1. What class of muscle move bones to help you move?
  1. Cardiac     B. smooth    C. skeletal    D. tendon
  1. If you counted all the skeletal muscles in your body. Approximately how many would you count?
  1. 400   B. 200      C. 600     D. 100
  1. Muscles cause all systems in our body to work properly. Our digestive system is controlled by what main muscle? A. esophagus   

    B. diaphragm    C. gluteus maximus D. stomach

  2. Your shoulder and hip are connected by a joint called a __________.

    A. ball and socket   B. gliding   C. hinge    D. pivot

  3. Your muscles work and behave in a certain way. Based on how they work, which of the following would best be an example of something that works in the same way?

       A. a rubber band   B. a sting    C. cheese    D. wire

  1. Your body is divided into two hemispheres. The front part of your body is referred to as the A. ______________ and the back side is referred to as the B. ___________ side.
  1. anterior    B. involuntary   C. voluntary   D. posterior
  1. Your elbow and knee both move using a __________ joint.
  1. Hinge    B. ball and socket   C. pivot   D. gliding
  1. Jill turned her head to the left and then to the right. She was allowed to do so because of the _________ joint in her neck.
  1. hinge    B. ball and socket   C. pivot   D. gliding
  1. Smooth muscles are designed to move substances ________________.  A quickly   B. slow and quickly   C. slow and smoothly    D. slow at first and then fast
  2. Lydia fell while chasing her Chihuahua around the yard. She pulled a muscle past what it was able to stretch. What type of injury did she sustain?
  1. Sprain      B. broken bone      C. dislocation    D. extraction
  1. Your hamstrings are located on which part of the body?
  1. Anterior     B. side    C. posterior    D. sternomastoid
  1. Your stomach is lined with muscles. Which best describes how the stomach muscle behaves when it is doing its job?
  1. Churning and mixing   B. absorbing     C. quick movement 
  1. Your body produces heat to keep your body at a constant temperature. Where in your body is heat produced?
  1. Stomach     B. brain     C. internal organs    D. muscles
  1. Bones in a joint are connected by _____________. A.  joint knot
  1. Tendon   C. ligament   D. muscle fiber   
  1. Athletes that run with sudden burst of speed are using what type of muscle fibers? A. slow twitch    B. long nuclei     C. fast twitch    D. tendons
  2. Muscles that use sudden burst of energy use ______________.
  1. Lots of oxygen   B. little oxygen   C. no oxygen   D. only CO2
  1. Smooth muscles have ____________ __________ muscle fibers?
  1. Slow twitch   B. fast twitch    C. no   D. only long
  1. John ran three miles very fast. After he was finished his muscles could best be described as ______________.  A. strong   B. fatigued
  1. full of energy  
  1. Classify each of the following muscles as either:                            A. skeletal      B. cardiac    C. smooth

A. esophagus B. stomach   C. rectum   D. triceps E. heart F. lining of the blood vessels    G. intestines   H. biceps  

46. Bones at the elbow meet at a ____________ joint. A. hinge   B. ball and socket   C. condyloid    D. gliding  

47. Your head is allowed to move because your skull meets you spine at a __________ joint. A. pivot   B. gliding   C. hinge   D. saddle

 

48. Our shoulders and hips are allowed to move in a circular motion because the bones are connected by a ______________ joint.

A. ball and socket   B. gliding   C. hinge    D. condyloid

49. You can move your thumb because the bones meet at a __________ joint.   A saddle   B. ball and socket    C. gliding   D. hinge  

50. The job of smooth muscles is to ________________.

A. lift objects   B. allow materials to move smoothly past them  

C. send electrical impulses D. attach to bones

51. Muscles will move when the brain sends __________ ___________ to nerves connected to them.  A. electrical impulses   B. neurotransmitter C. heat

52. When a message is sent form the brain to the nerve cells, the nerves releases a _________________ chemical to cause the muscle to react.

A. neurotransmitter   B. stimulant C. electrical message   D. chemical

53. When you move your muscles your body receives ____________.

A. heat    B. water    C. blood    D. germs

54. Classify each of the following muscles as either:

 A. voluntary  

 B. involuntary 

A. heart    B. esophagus   C. stomach     D. biceps   E. tongue

 

    55. You body is made up of systems that work with the help of muscles

A. Identify 4 body systems that muscles play role in helping function.

B. List the muscles that are associated with each system you identified in part A.

A. esophagus B. stomach   C. rectum   D. triceps E. heart F. lining of the blood vessels    G. intestines   H. biceps  

46. Bones at the elbow meet at a ____________ joint. A. hinge   B. ball and socket   C. condyloid    D. gliding  

47. Your head is allowed to move because your skull meets you spine at a __________ joint. A. pivot   B. gliding   C. hinge   D. saddle

 

48. Our shoulders and hips are allowed to move in a circular motion because the bones are connected by a ______________ joint.

A. ball and socket   B. gliding   C. hinge    D. condyloid

49. You can move your thumb because the bones meet at a __________ joint.   A saddle   B. ball and socket    C. gliding   D. hinge  

50. The job of smooth muscles is to ________________.

A. lift objects   B. allow materials to move smoothly past them  

C. send electrical impulses D. attach to bones

51. Muscles will move when the brain sends __________ ___________ to nerves connected to them.  A. electrical impulses   B. neurotransmitter C. heat

52. When a message is sent form the brain to the nerve cells, the nerves releases a _________________ chemical to cause the muscle to react.

A. neurotransmitter   B. stimulant C. electrical message   D. chemical

53. When you move your muscles your body receives ____________.

A. heat    B. water    C. blood    D. germs

54. Classify each of the following muscles as either:

 A. voluntary  

 B. involuntary 

A. heart    B. esophagus   C. stomach     D. biceps   E. tongue

 

    55. You body is made up of systems that work with the help of muscles

A. Identify 4 body systems that muscles play role in helping function.

B. List the muscles that are associated with each system you identified in part A.