EDUCATION ACRONYMS and TERMS
AASA – American Association of School Administrators
ACES – Activity Centered Elementary Science
Academic Expectations – Specific behaviors that characterize student achievement of the six Learning Goals.
Academic Indicators – Average of all content area scores; reported on Kentucky Performance Report.
Achievement Gap – Observed disparity in performance among groups of students (especially by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status).
ACT – American College Test
ADA – Average Daily Attendance
ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADM – Administrators
AEL – Appalachia Educational Laboratory; one of several regional educational research groups funded by the federal government and focusing on education issues.
AGC – Achievement Gap Coordinator
AIKCU – Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities
Alternative Education (AE) – Approach to teaching and learning other than traditional or mainstream education (e.g. charter schools, alternative schools, home-based learning).
AMO – Annual Measurable Objective in the No Child Left Behind law (currently reading and math)
AP CLASS/EXAM – Advanced Placement. The AP Exam is given by Educational Testing Service to high school seniors in academic areas. Classes are so identified in schools.
APR – Annual Performance Report 30
AR – Accelerated Reader. A commercial self-paced individualized computer-assisted reading program; children read books and then take computerized multiple-choice tests to measure their comprehension of the books.
ARC – Admissions and Release Committee. A group, with roles and responsibilities mandated by federal and state laws, that determines services for students with disabilities.
ASSIST – Assistance Support for School Improvement and Success Teams
ATC – Alternative Teacher Certification
At Risk – Children who have, or could have barriers that may later affect learning
AVEC – Area Vocational Education Center
AYP – Adequate Yearly Progress (required by NCLB)
BD – Behavior Disorders
Bell Ringers – 5-10 minute opening-class activity
BIP – Behavior Intervention Plan, requirement under IDEA.
BOE – Board of Education
CAC – Commissioner’s Advisory Council
Capitol Impact –KSBA service providing up-to-date information on legislation.
Carnegie Unit – Defined as at least 120 hours of instructional time in one subject.
Categorical-funded program – State monies designated for identified program, allocated only to districts, not schools.
CCA – Core Content for Assessment (essential content that will be on state assessment)
CCD – Combined Curriculum Document (identifies relationships between Academic Expectations, Program of Studies, and Core Content for Assessment)
CCS – Computer Center Software (the MUNIS vendor)
CEC – Council for Exceptional Children.
CERS – County Employees Retirement System
CHFS – Cabinet for Health and Family Services
Child Find – A service for identifying and diagnosing unserved children with disabilities
CIA – Curriculum, Instruction & Assessment
CIP – Comprehensive Improvement Plan. A planning process that allows the "consolidation" of state and federal grants in one application; a comprehensive improvement plan is required 31
of schools (School Improvement Plan) and districts (District Improvement Plan) that fail to meet state assessment standards.
CIPL – Commonwealth Institute for Parent Leadership (Conducted by the Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence).
CIT – Commonwealth Institute for Teachers
Common Assessments – End of unit/chapter tests that are given to all students in the same course, regardless of teacher or class.
Coordinated School Health – A plan combining instruction with environmental, social and service support to ensure pro-health attitudes and behaviors, achieving high levels of health and well-being.
CPE – Council on Postsecondary Education
Credit Recovery – Program that provides opportunities for students to earn lost credit in courses (often through virtual learning).
Criterion-referenced test – Test that assesses how well students are mastering a specific set of knowledge and skills without comparison to other students; also called standards based test.
CTBS – Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills
CTE – Career and Technical Education
Curriculum Map – Content-specific "plan" for school year (contains core content).
DAC – District Assessment Coordinator
DD – Developmentally Disabled (or Delayed)
DECS – Division of Exceptional Children Services
DEIC – District Early Intervention Committee
DIP – District Improvement Plan
DIS – Department of Information Systems
DJJ – Department for Juvenile Justice
DSA – Division of Scholastic Assistance. The division within the state education department that oversees highly skilled educators.
DCBS – Department for Community-Based Services (Cabinet for Health and Family Services)
DOK – Depth of Knowledge. The degree of rigor associated with content and curriculum, rated on a scale of 1 to 4, with 4 being the most complex.32
DOSE – Director of Special Education
DPP – Director of Pupil Personnel
DRT – District Review Team
DWoK – Different Ways of Knowing. An approach to elementary-level curriculum, activity- based and standards driven.
Dual Credit – Partnership between a school and a local college/university to agree to share responsibilities for student learning (ensures postsecondary readiness and success).
Due Process – Action taken to protect the educational rights of students.
EBD – Emotional Behavioral Disorder
ECE – Early Childhood Education
EDGAR – U.S. Department of Education General Administrative Regulations
eMeeting – KSBA service for electronic Board Meetings
eNews – KSBA electronic service for gathering education news from around the state
EOCA – End of Course Assessments
EPAS – Educational Planning and Assessment System (Explore, Plan, ACT, WorkKeys)
EPSB – Education Professional Standards Board
ESL – English as Second Language (programs to assist students with limited English proficiency)
ESS – Extended School Services. State-funded program for students who need additional time extending the school day, week or year.
ESS Waiver – Program that allows a school to provide ESS services during the regular school day as well as after.
ESY – Extended School Year
eWALK –Walk-through of a school using a handheld electronic device.
EXPLORE – Required eighth-grade test that assists students with high school planning.
FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA - Functional Behavioral Assessment, requirement under IDEA for special education students in discipline proceedings.
FERPA – Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
FMD – Functional Mental Disability
Formative assessment – Ongoing assessment for learning that provides immediate feedback.33
FPC – Facilities Planning Committee
FRL – Free and reduced lunch
FRYSC - Family Resource and Youth Services Center
FSPK – Facility Support Program of Kentucky
FTE – Full-Time Equivalent
GATE - Gifted and Talented Education
GEAR UP – Gained Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Education Programs. Federal grants requiring efforts to support and encourage to low-income students to pursue postsecondary education.
GED – General Equivalency Diploma (high school); General Educational Development (handled by Council on Postsecondary Education)
Goal Calculator – Predictive tool used in formative assessment. Used to identify achievement gaps and establish reasonable targets in meeting the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act.
GPA – Grade Point Average
GRADE – Group Reading Assessment Diagnostic Evaluation
G/T – Gifted and Talented Program
HSE – Highly Skilled Educators (formerly known as Distinguished Educators)
HSR – High School Restructuring
HSTW – High Schools that Work
I & I – Implementation and Impact Check. Process used to monitor progress in carrying out improvement plans.
IASA – Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994
IB – International Baccalaureate
IDEA (formerly IDEIA) – Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (federal special education law)
IEP – Individual Education Program for children with special needs.
IFSP – Individual Family Service Plan
IGP – Individual Growth Plan or Individual Graduation Plan (replaced by Individual Learning Plan) 34
Infinite Campus – Computer program that tracks student grades, attendance and information. (replaced STI).
Instructional materials – expendable and non-expendable books, kits, software and manipulatives.
ILP – Individual Learning Plan
ILT – Instructional Leadership Team
IQ – Intelligence Quotient
ISS – In-school suspension
KAC – Kentucky Arts Council
KAESP – Kentucky Association for Elementary School Principals
KAPE – Kentucky Association of Professional Educators
KAPT – Kentucky Affordable Prepaid Tuition
KAR – Kentucky Administrative Regulation
KASA – Kentucky Association of School Administrators
KASBO – Kentucky Association of School Business Officials
KASC – Kentucky Association of School Councils
KASS – Kentucky Association of School Superintendents
KASSP – Kentucky Association of Secondary School Principals
KBE – Kentucky Board of Education
KCHIP – Kentucky Children’s Health Insurance Program
KCCT – Kentucky Core Content Tests
KCID – Kentucky Center for Instructional Discipline
KCMP – Kentucky Continuous Monitoring Process
KCSS – Kentucky Center for School Safety
KCTCS – Kentucky Community and Technical College System
KCTM – Kentucky Council of Teachers of Mathematics
KDE - Kentucky Department of Education
KEA - Kentucky Education Association
KECCAG – Kentucky’s Early Childhood Continuous Assessment Guide
KECSAC – Kentucky Educational Collaborative for State Agency Children. A state agency responsible for educating children committed to the state.35
KEES— Kentucky Educational Excellence Scholarship
KELP – Kentucky Early Learning Profile. An assessment system used in the primary grades to continuously monitor student progress in the curriculum to ensure they are learning.
KERA – Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990
KERS – Kentucky Employees Retirement System
KESN – Kentucky Effective Schools Network
KESPA – Kentucky Education Support Personnel Association
KET – Kentucky Educational Television
KETS – Kentucky Education Technology System
KHEAA – Kentucky Higher Education Assistance Authority
KHSAA – Kentucky High School Athletic Association
KIDS First – KSBA Political Action Committee
KIER – Kentucky Institute for Education Research
KLA – Kentucky Leadership Academy
KMSA – Kentucky Middle School Association
KPIP – Kentucky Principal Internship Program
KPR – Kentucky Performance Report (school "report card")
KRS – Kentucky Revised Statute
KSB – Kentucky School for the Blind (Louisville)
KSBA – Kentucky School Boards Association
KSBIT – Kentucky School Boards Insurance Trust
KSD – Kentucky School for the Deaf (Danville)
KSTC – Kentucky Science and Technology Council
KSTC – Kentucky State Textbook Commission
KTIP – Kentucky Teacher Internship Program
KTLN – Kentucky Telelinking Network
KTRS – Kentucky Teachers’ Retirement System
KYPTA – Kentucky Congress of Parents and Teachers
KYSPRA – Kentucky School Public Relations Association
KVHS – Kentucky Virtual High School36
KVL – Kentucky Virtual Library
LD – Learning Disability
LEA – Local Education Agency
Learning Checks – Periodic test of academic progress.
Learning Goals – Six goals established by KERA as what students should know and be able to do as a result of their school experience.
Learning Walks - Another term for classroom walk-through with specific template.
LEP – Limited English Proficiency
LH – Lighthouse School Board Project
LPC – Local Planning Committee (for local district facility plan)
LRC – Legislative Research Commission
LRE – Least restrictive environment
LSAC – Local Superintendent Advisory Council
LSBMAC – Local School Board Members Advisory Council
MCQ – Multiple Choice Question
MMD – Mild Mental Disability
MOA – Memorandum of Agreement
MOE – Maintenance of Effort. A federal term requiring districts to document that federal funds (e.g., Title I, exceptional children) are not used to take the place of local or state funding.
MOU – Memorandum of Understanding
MUNIS – Municipal Information Systems. The fund accounting system used by Kentucky school districts.
NAEP – National Assessment of Educational Progress. The only nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America’s students know and can do in various subject areas.
National Merit – Academic scholarship competition for recognition and college scholarships.
NBCT – National Board-Certified Teacher
NBPTS – National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (highest form of certification for teachers)37
NCATE – National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education
NCTM – National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
NCE – Normal Curve Equivalent. A method of reporting scores of norm-referenced tests where the difference between two successive scores on the scale has the same meaning throughout the scale.
NCLB – No Child Left Behind. 2001 federal law mandating assessment and achievement levels.
NMSQT – National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
Non-Academic Indicators – Attendance rate, dropout rate, retention rate, graduation rate, successful transition (high school).
Norm-referenced test – Test (usually multiple choice) that compares a student with other students.
NSBA – National School Boards Association
NSLP – National School Lunch Program
NSP – New Standards Project. An organization that works with a partnership of states and large school districts to set high national academic standards and measure progress in meeting them.
NTAPAA – National Technical Advisory Panel for Assessment and Accountability
OAG – Opinion of the Attorney General
OASIS AWARD – KSBA Recognition for Outstanding Achievement in School Information Services
ODCP – Office of Drug Control Policy
OEA – Office of Education Accountability
OIG – Office of the Inspector General
OLSI – Office of Leadership & School Improvement
OR – Open Response
OSEP – Office of Special Education Programs (federal)
OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OT – Occupational Therapy
P-16 Council – A group that advises the Kentucky Board of Education and the Council on Postsecondary Education on the preparation and professional development of teachers, the 38 alignment of competency standards, and the elimination of barriers that impede successful transitions from preschool through college.
PAC – Parent’s Advisory Council or Political Action Committee
PD – Professional Development
PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PEAK Award – Public Education Achieves in Kentucky. KSBA recognition for outstanding programs that improve student achievement.
Performance-based credit – Alternative to seat-time requirements for students to earn high school credit.
Performance standards – description of how well students have mastered the knowledge (content) and are able to use it (perform).
Distinguished – Deep understanding and able to analyze and interpret data
Proficient – Understanding of major concepts
Apprentice – Some understanding of concepts
Novice – Beginning to show some understanding
PLAN – 10th grade test, predictor of ACT success
POS – Program of Studies
PRAXIS – A series of content area teacher exams.
Prevailing Wage – The hourly wage, usual benefits and overtime, paid to the majority of workers, laborers, and mechanics for comparable work reflective of local wage conditions.
PRISM – Partnership for Reform Initiatives in Science and Mathematics
Promising practices – Successful possible options for instructional strategy implementation.
PSAT – Preliminary Scholastic Achievement Test
PT – Physical Therapy
PTA – Parent Teacher Association
PTO – Parent Teacher Organization
PVA – Property Valuation Administrator. An elected local official charged with determining the value of property for taxing purposes.
Ramp Up Courses – Mathematics technology intervention program.
RECC – Regional Exceptional Child Consultant39
Refocusing Secondary Agenda – Goal is to help schools move to a more individual performance rather than students being moved through the same curriculum in fixed groups.
RFP – Request for Proposal
RIAC – Regional Interagency Advisory Council. A group of mental health, education, medical and community professionals who identify goals and needs within regions of the state for children who need behavioral and mental health services.
RTC – Early Childhood Regional Training Center
RTI – Response to Intervention
Rubric – Scoring guide used to evaluate student work.
SACS – Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
SAFE – Suspension & Failure Elimination
Safe Harbor Index – No Child Left Behind classification given to a school or district that has not met the reading or math annual measurable objective (AMO), but does meet these criteria: 1) reduced subpopulation percentage by 10 percent; 2) subpopulation demonstrates improvement on the academic index.
SAT or SAT I – Scholastic Achievement Test. College entrance exam testing reading, math and writing.
SAT II – Scholastic Achievement Test - College entrance exam for specific subjects.
SAT – State Assistance Team
SBDM - School-Based Decision Making
SCAAC – School Curriculum, Assessment and Accountability Council
SDFS – Safe and Drug-Free Schools (Title IV)
Scholastic Audit – A process conducted by a team trained by KDE to work with schools earning designated accountability index scores to evaluate learning environment, efficiency and student academic performance. Districts are also subject to scholastic audits.
SEA – State Education Agency
SEEK – Support Education Excellence in Kentucky, the main funding program for Kentucky public schools.
SED – Severely emotionally disturbed
SFCC – School Facilities Construction Commission
SIAC – State Interagency Advisory Council40
SIP – School Improvement Plan
SISI – Standards and Indicators for School Improvement
SPP – State Performance Plan
SRO – School Resource Officer
SRIM – Statewide Reporting and Information Management System
STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics
STI – Software Technology Incorporated (electronic grade/attendance keeper replaced by Infinite Campus)
STLP – Student Technology Leadership Program
Summative assessment – Assessment that measures cumulative learning at specific times.
Support services – Any non-instructional components of an educational program i.e., transportation, food services, referrals to other agencies.
TC1-TC29 – Standard Certification Forms for teacher certification
TRT – Technology Resource Teacher
Tier 1 Funding – KDE program to allow districts to raise revenue above SEEK base for equity with state funds.
Tier 2 Funding – KDE program to allow districts to raise revenue above SEEK and Tier 1 with no matching assistance.
Tier 1 of NCLB – (two years not making AYP): Consequences: school choice, revise school plan.
Tier 2 – (three years not making AYP) Consequences: same as Tier 1, plus offer supplemental services.
Tier 3 – (four years not making AYP) Consequences: same as Tier 2, plus implement corrective action.
Tier 4 – (five years not making AYP) Consequences: Continue school choice, revise school plan, offer supplemental services, implement services, plus write a plan for Alternative School Governance.
Tier 5 – (six years not making AYP) Consequences: Same as Tier 4, plus implement Alternate Governance.
Title I – Federal law and dollars for helping disadvantaged children.
UDL- Universal Design for Learning. Educational approach that uses technology to enable students with diverse learning needs to be successful in the classroom.41
VISTA – AmeriCorps Volunteers in Service to America
WorkKeys – Voluntary test given in 10th-12th grade to measure readiness for the workplace; also provides career feedback.
YOYO – Youth One-Year Out Survey
YSC – Youth Service Center
Special thanks to the Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence for their assistance in compiling this list of acronyms.